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Water treatment plant design
McGraw-Hill handbooks
4th ed.
Publication Information:
New York : McGraw-Hill, 2005
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This new edition incorporates the latest EPA standards, recent developments in the field, plus more hands-on information.

Author Notes

The American Water Works Association (AWWA), located in Denver, Colorado, is a 56,000-member organization devoted to assessing, promoting, and recognizing high-quality standards. The Association is the primary source of information for local, state, national, and international standards.

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is America's oldest national engineering association.

Table of Contents

Thomas J. LaneGeorge P. FultonR. Gary FullerSteven N. FoellmiJohn E. DyksenPaul J. Delphos and George M. WesnerJohn F. WillisKevin Castro and Gary Logsdon and Stephen R. MartinMichael V. Broder and John C. ByronJames C. HesbyMichael B. Horsley and Doug B. Elder, P.E. and Leland L. HarmsMichael C. GottliebRobert A. Bergman, P.E.Richard D. BradyJerry L. Anderson, P.E.Peter J. BarthulyBrian E. Peck and Jerry S. RussellPhilip C. ZimmermanRalph T. Eberts and Todd F. SchellhaseDave KubelJohn H. WiedemanJohn E. Spitko, Jr., P.E.Darryl J. CorbinPhilip C. Kennedy and Jane W. WheelerRichard A. Rohan, P.E. and Stephen F. BakerRonald F. CilensekThomas E. Arn and John GasserRobert A. StoopsPaul D. Swaim, P.E. and Christine A. Cotton, P.E. and Samuel S. Jeyanayagam, Ph.D., P.E., D.E.E.John M. WinslowJerry L. Anderson, P.E.
Contributorsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Chapter 1 The Challenge of Water Treatment Plant Designp. 1
Today's Challengesp. 2
Development of Water Treatment Design Projectsp. 1.4
The Purpose of This Textp. 1.5
Bibliographyp. 1.6
Chapter 2 Master Planning and Treatment Process Selectionp. 2.1
The Master Planp. 2.1
Water Quality Goalsp. 2.4
Treatment Optionsp. 2.9
Chapter 3 Design and Constructionp. 3.1
Preliminary Designp. 3.1
Final Designp. 3.5
Construction Assistancep. 3.10
Bibliographyp. 3.12
Chapter 4 Intake Facilitiesp. 4.1
Intake Featuresp. 4.1
Types of Intake Systemsp. 4.3
Intake Designp. 4.15
Intake Design Considerationsp. 4.21
Racks and Screensp. 4.31
Bibliographyp. 4.34
Chapter 5 Aeration and Air Strippingp. 5.1
Uses of Aeration/Air Strippingp. 5.1
Types of Aeration/Air Stripping Equipmentp. 5.2
Principles of Air Stripping and Aerationp. 5.8
Design of Aeration/Air Stripping Processesp. 5.10
Pilot Testingp. 5.22
Bibliographyp. 5.24
Chapter 6 Mixing, Coagulation, and Flocculationp. 6.1
Definitionsp. 6.1
The Coagulation Processp. 6.2
Coagulation and Membrane Technologyp. 6.5
Design of Chemical Mixingp. 6.6
Flocculation Process Designp. 6.14
Process Monitoring and Controlp. 6.23
Bibliographyp. 6.25
Chapter 7 Clarificationp. 7.1
Conventional Clarification Designp. 7.1
High-Rate Clarificationp. 7.22
Solids Contact/Slurry Recirculation Unitsp. 7.28
Sludge Blanket Clarificationp. 7.32
Dissolved Air Flotationp. 7.36
Contact Clarificationp. 7.40
Bibliographyp. 7.43
Chapter 8 High-Rate Granular Media Filtrationp. 8.1
Mechanism of Filtrationp. 8.2
Design Considerationsp. 8.2
Filter Design Criteriap. 8.36
Filter Operation and Maintenancep. 8.37
Bibliographyp. 8.41
Chapter 9 Slow Sand and Diatomaceous Earth Filtrationp. 9.1
Slow Sand Filtrationp. 9.2
Diatomaceous Earth Filtrationp. 9.16
Bibliographyp. 9.29
Chapter 10 Oxidation and Disinfectionp. 10.1
Regulatory Frameworkp. 10.2
Chemical Oxidation Treatmentp. 10.10
Chlorinationp. 10.13
Chlorine Dioxide Systemsp. 10.34
Ozone Disinfection Systemsp. 10.39
Bibliographyp. 10.59
Chapter 11 Lime Softeningp. 1
Water Hardness and Softening Treatmentp. 1
Pretreatmentp. 5
Lime Softening Processesp. 6
Softening Process Basinsp. 13
Special Lime Softening Design Considerationsp. 16
Future Trends in Softeningp. 19
Bibliographyp. 19
Chapter 12 Ion Exchange Applications in Water Treatmentp. 1
Introductionp. 1
The Ion Exchange Processp. 6
Cation Exchange Processp. 9
Anion Exchange Processesp. 12
Demineralizationp. 30
Basics of Equipment Designp. 32
Regeneration Methodsp. 33
Boundaries between Suppliers, Consultants, and Usersp. 53
Future Trends in Ion Exchangep. 54
Bibliographyp. 54
Chapter 13 Membrane Processesp. 1
Types of Membrane Processesp. 1
Membrane System Components and Design Considerationsp. 8
Membrane Unit Designp. 25
Other Membrane Process Design Considerationsp. 41
Bibliographyp. 48
Chapter 14 Activated Carbon Processesp. 1
Characteristics of Activated Carbonp. 1
Design of Powdered Activated Carbon Facilitiesp. 4
Design of Granular Activated Carbon Facilitiesp. 9
Regeneration of Granular Activated Carbonp. 33
Bibliographyp. 37
Chapter 15 Chemicals and Chemical Handlingp. 1
Receiving and Storing Process Chemicalsp. 1
Chemical Feed and Metering Systemsp. 17
Designing for Safety and Hazardous Conditionsp. 41
Recent Trends in Chemical Handling and Usep. 50
Bibliographyp. 53
Chapter 16 Hydraulicsp. 1
Hydraulic Designp. 1
Head Loss Types and Calculationsp. 5
Hydraulic Design Hintsp. 11
Ancillary Hydraulic Designp. 13
Bibliographyp. 15
Chapter 17 Process Residualsp. 1
Sludge Types, Quantities, and Characteristicsp. 4
Process Residual Disposal Methodsp. 9
Residuals Disposal Regulatory Requirementsp. 12
Design Considerations and Criteriap. 16
Residuals Handling Considerationsp. 58
Additional Information Sourcesp. 67
Acknowledgmentp. 68
Bibliographyp. 68
Chapter 18 Architectural Designp. 1
The Role of the Architect in Water Treatment Plant Designp. 1
Facilities Designp. 5
Construction Alternatives and Building Material Selectionp. 14
Design Standard-Promulgating Organizations and Organizations Offering Design Recommendationsp. 17
Chapter 19 Structural Designp. 1
The Design Processp. 1
Structural Design Considerationsp. 2
Design of Basins, Vaults, Large Conduits, and Channelsp. 10
Buildings and Superstructuresp. 12
Bibliographyp. 13
Chapter 20 Process Instrumentation and Controlsp. 1
Process and Operational Control Strategiesp. 2
Control System Designp. 15
Instrumentationp. 30
Bibliographyp. 42
Chapter 21 Electrical Systemsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Codes and Standardsp. 1
Electrical Distribution Systemsp. 3
Transformersp. 4
Motors and Controllersp. 5
Lightingp. 8
Lightning Protectionp. 9
Power Factor Correctionp. 10
Acceptance Testingp. 10
Maintenancep. 11
Chapter 22 Design Reliability Featuresp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Reliability and Redundancy Conceptsp. 1
Overall Water Supply System Reliabilityp. 3
Design Conceptsp. 5
Design Principles and Practicesp. 8
Operation and Maintenancep. 14
Referencesp. 15
Chapter 23 Site Selection and Plant Arrangementp. 1
Water Treatment Plant Site Selectionp. 1
Arrangement of Water Treatment Plant Facilitiesp. 22
Bibliographyp. 36
Chapter 24 Environmental Impact and Project Permittingp. 1
Environmental Issues Associated with Plant Constructionp. 1
Environmental Issues Associated with Plant Operationsp. 5
Project Permittingp. 12
Integration of Environmental Issues and Regulatory Compliance into Plant Design, Construction, and Operationp. 16
Bibliographyp. 18
Chapter 25 Operations and Maintenance Considerations during Plant Designp. 1
Design Considerations for Plant Operations and Maintenancep. 1
Preparing a Plant for Start-Upp. 18
Chapter 26 Water Treatment Plant Construction Cost Estimatingp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Level of Estimatesp. 2
Estimating Methodologiesp. 4
Special Cost Considerationsp. 6
Finalizing the Cost Estimatep. 8
Bibliographyp. 10
Chapter 27 Operator Training and Plant Start-Upp. 1
Training and Start-Up Considerationsp. 1
Design-Phase Trainingp. 2
Construction-Phase Training, Start-Up, and Post-Start-Upp. 5
Chapter 28 Pilot Plant Design and Constructionp. 1
Pilot Plant Studiesp. 2
Pilot Plant Designp. 3
Pilot Plant Constructionp. 21
Bibliographyp. 25
Chapter 29 Ultraviolet Disinfectionp. 1
Principles of UV Disinfectionp. 2
Applications for UV Disinfectionp. 6
UV Disinfection Equipmentp. 8
Water Quality and Treatment Effects on UV Disinfectionp. 15
UV Disinfection Facility Planning, Design, and Project Implementationp. 19
Construction, Testing, Start-Up, and O&Mp. 35
Potential Regulatory Requirements for UV Disinfection in North Americap. 38
Validation Testingp. 43
Bibliographyp. 45
Chapter 30 Water Treatment Plant Securityp. 1
Water Qualityp. 2
Barriersp. 2
Electronic Security Systemsp. 3
CCTVp. 5
Proceduresp. 6
Bibliographyp. 7
Appendix A Properties and Characteristics of Water Treatment Chemicalsp. 1
Appendix B Abbreviations Commonly Used in the Water Industryp. 1
Index follows Appendix B