Cover image for The vanishing universe : adverse environmental impacts on astronomy : proceedings of the conference sponsored by Unesco ... [et al.] held at Unesco, Paris, June 30-July 2, 1992
Title:
The vanishing universe : adverse environmental impacts on astronomy : proceedings of the conference sponsored by Unesco ... [et al.] held at Unesco, Paris, June 30-July 2, 1992
Publication Information:
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994
ISBN:
9780521450201
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PSZ JB 30000003366444 QB1.V36 1994 f Open Access Book
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Summary

Summary

What is the future of observational astronomy? The effect on astronomy of environmental degradation, from electromagnetic pollution to near-Earth space debris, and the broader implications of jeopardising this science are explored in this provoking review. Astronomy is acutely vulnerable to environmental pollution. This survey demonstrates, unequivocally, the destructive impact of civilisation on current observational astronomy and its future. International astronomers discuss the source and effect of electromagnetic pollution - from optical to radio wavelengths - and space debris. Together with specialists from industry, law and elsewhere, they go on to outline possible remedies and the legislation required for successful international regulation of the pollutants. These articles offer an authoritative survey of the pollutants and the steps necessary to regulate them. They provide an essential reference for the professional astronomer, environmentalist and concerned non-specialist.


Table of Contents

Introduction - the effect of civilisation on observational astronomyD. McNally
1 The frontiers of modern astronomyM. S. Longair
2 The aims of astronomy in science and the humanities: why astronomy must be protectedP. Murdin
3 General principles of the right to uninterrupted activities in outer spaceB. Reijen
4 Light pollution - theft of the nightD. L. Crawford
5 Impact and restriction of interference of lightD. A. Schreudre
6 Adverse environmental impacts on astronomy: the case of improved street lightingD. T. Herbert
7 Light extinction in the atmosphereN. Laulainen
8 Environmental effects on astronomical observationJ. Kovalevsky
9 Natural background radiation: the light from the night skyA. C. Levasseur-Regourd
10 Opening the radio windowF. Graham-Smith
11 The threat to radio astronomyJ. B. Whiteoak
12 Radio interference to passive scientific measurements: its causes and its curesR. M. Price
13 Radio astronomy in the radio environmentC. Kirby and R. G. Struzak
14 Preserving wilderness areas in the radio spectrumP. A. Vanden Bout
15 Illustration of radio interferenceD. McNally
16 mm-Wave - the last virgin land M. Morimoto
17 The Mount Wilson storyM. Bester and S. Baliunas and C. Shelton and L. Webster
18 Radio astronomy and the developing countriesG. Swarup
19 The disappearance of the night skyD. Malin
20 The space debris environment of the earthW. Flury
21 Space debris observations: needs for new technologyY. Arimoto
22 Illustration of the effects of space debrisD. McNalley
23 Space debris: how to improve the situationL. Perek