Cover image for Fate of pharmaceuticals in the environment and in water treatment systems
Fate of pharmaceuticals in the environment and in water treatment systems
Publication Information:
Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, 2008
Physical Description:
xiii, 391 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
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PSZ JB 30000010169822 TD196.D78 F37 2008 Open Access Book

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The detection of pharmaceutical residues remained elusive until instruments such as liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry became commonplace in environmental laboratories. The documentation of the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues and endocrine disrupting chemicals in water resources has raused questions about their long-term effects in the ecosystem and their potential effects on human health. Fate of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment and in Water Treatment Systems covers critical issues regarding the occurrence, persistence, treatment, and transformations of pharmaceuticals in the environment and in drinking water and wastewater treatment systems.

Acompilation of the recent literature, the book reviews advances in instrumentation and sample preparation techniques and includes an example of how risk assessment is conducted to investigate the fate and effects of pharmaceutical contaminants. Several chapters explore the behavior of pharmaceuticals in soil and the potential side effects of antibiotics on plants after uptake. Experts in drinking water and wastewater treatment systems present new findings on the effectiveness of current treatment practices to reduce the concentrations of pharmaceuticals at the source, providing new insights on how to better mitigate future problems brought about by emerging environmental contaminants.

Contributing authors from academia, government, and industry provide a well-balanced multi-disciplinary perspective on the issues, discussing topics ranging from field studies documenting the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in environmental compartments, to laboratory studies determining the degradation kinetics and formation of by-products during treatment. The text discusses the factors that affect the environmental fate of pharmaceuticals in soil and water, facilitate the development of best management practices, and optimize treatment systems for removal of these compounds from the environment.

Table of Contents

Susan T. Glassmeyer and Dana W. Kolpin and Edward T. Furlong and Michael J. FocazioSandra Perez and Damia BarceloChristine Klein and Seamus O'Connor and Jonas Locke and Diana AgaClaudia Neubert and Reinhard Lange and Thomas Steger-HartmannAlistair B.A. BoxallNadia Carmosini and Linda S. LeeKeri L. Henderson and Thomas B. Moorman and Joel R. CoatsRudolf J. SchneiderMichael H. Farkas and James O. Berry and Diana S. AgaHoward S. Weinberg and Vanessa J. Pereira and Zhengqi YeShane A. Snyder and Hongxia Lei and Eric C. WertChing-Hua Huang and Michael C. Dodd and Amisha D. ShahZ. Zhao and K.F. Knowlton and N.G. LoveCraig D. AdamsSungpyo Kim and A. Scott Weber and Angela Batt and Diana S. AgaWillie F. Harper, Jr. and Tamara Floyd-Smith and Taewoo Yi
Prefacep. vii
Editorp. ix
Contributorsp. xi
Part I Occurrence and Analysis of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment
Chapter 1 Environmental Presence and Persistence of Pharmaceuticals: An Overviewp. 3
Chapter 2 Advances in the Analysis of Pharmaceuticals in the Aquatic Environmentp. 53
Chapter 3 Sample Preparation and Analysis of Solid-Bound Pharmaceuticalsp. 81
Chapter 4 Gadolinium Containing Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Investigations on the Environmental Fate and Effectsp. 101
Part II Environmental Fate and Transformations of Veterinary Pharmaceuticals
Chapter 5 Fate and Transport of Veterinary Medicines in the Soil Environmentp. 123
Chapter 6 Sorption and Degradation of Selected Pharmaceuticals in Soil and Manurep. 139
Chapter 7 Mobility of Tylosin and Enteric Bacteria in Soil Columnsp. 167
Chapter 8 Plant Uptake of Pharmaceuticals from Soil: Determined by ELISAp. 179
Chapter 9 Antibiotic Transformation in Plants via Glutathione Conjugationp. 199
Part III Treatment of Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water and Wastewater
Chapter 10 Drugs in Drinking Water: Treatment Optionsp. 217
Chapter 11 Removal of Endocrine Disruptors and Pharmaceuticals during Water Treatmentp. 229
Chapter 12 Reaction and Transformation of Antibacterial Agents with Aqueous Chlorine under Relevant Water Treatment Conditionsp. 261
Chapter 13 Hormones in Waste from Concentrated Animal Feeding Operationsp. 291
Chapter 14 Treatment of Antibiotics in Swine Wastewaterp. 331
Chapter 15 Removal of Pharmaceuticals in Biological Wastewater Treatment Plantsp. 349
Chapter 16 Chemical Processes during Biological Wastewater Treatmentp. 363
Indexp. 383