Cover image for Soil sampling
Title:
Soil sampling
Series:
Technical engineering and design guides as adapted from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; no.30
Publication Information:
Reston, Va. : American Society of Civil Engineers 2000
ISBN:
9780784403754

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Summary

Summary

Presents a summary of commonly accepted soil sampling practices and procedures to assist geotechnical personnel performing actual field studies. This manual provides both technical guidance for conducting soil sampling operations, and several methods for handling and storage of samples obtained in support of geotechnical investigations.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction
1-1. Purposep. 1
1-2. Applicabilityp. 1
1-3. Referencesp. 1
1-4. Rescissionp. 1
1-5. Backgroundp. 1
1-6. Organization and Scopep. 1
Chapter 2. Sampling Requirements
2-1. Introductionp. 3
2-2. Sample Qualityp. 3
2-3. Parameters that Affect Sample Disturbancep. 4
2-4. Selection of Sampling Apparatus to Obtain Undisturbed Samplesp. 7
2-5. Borehole Layout, Depth and Interval of Sampling, and Sample Diameterp. 10
Chapter 3. Drill Rigs and Appurtenant Equipment
3-1. Introductionp. 15
3-2. Drill Rigsp. 15
3-3. Types of Drillsp. 20
3-4. Accessories and Appurtenant Equipmentp. 28
Chapter 4. Drilling Fluids
4-1. Purpose of Drilling Fluidsp. 40
4-2. Types of Drilling Fluidsp. 40
4-3. Properties of Water-Based Mudsp. 43
4-4. Mixing and Handlingp. 46
4-5. Drilling and Sampling Problemsp. 48
4-6. Limitations and Precautionsp. 52
4-7. Good Drilling Practicesp. 54
Chapter 5. Equipment for Undisturbed Soil Sampling in Borings
5-1. Sampler Typesp. 55
5-2. Push-Tube Samplersp. 55
5-3. Core-Barrel Samplersp. 65
5-4. Other Samplersp. 69
5-5. Sample Tubesp. 75
Chapter 6. Procedures for Undisturbed Soil Sampling in Borings
6-1. Advancing the Boreholep. 80
6-2. Stabilizing the Boreholep. 82
6-3. Cleaning the Hole before Samplingp. 82
6-4. Sampling Proceduresp. 83
6-5. Preservation of Samplesp. 88
6-6. Boring and Sampling Recordsp. 92
6-7. Shipment of Samplesp. 94
Chapter 7. Equipment for Disturbed Soil Sampling in Borings
7-1. Sampler Typep. 96
7-2. Augersp. 96
7-3. Push or Drive Samplersp. 100
7-4. Displacement Samplersp. 102
7-5. Vibratory Samplersp. 102
7-6. Percussion Samplersp. 102
Chapter 8. Procedures for Disturbed Soil Sampling in Borings
8-1. Advancing the Boreholep. 105
8-2. Sampling Proceduresp. 107
8-3. Boring and Sampling Recordsp. 108
8-4. Preservation and Shipment of Samplesp. 108
Chapter 9. Sampling Frozen Soils
9-1. Introductionp. 110
9-2. Drilling Equipmentp. 110
9-3. Drilling and Sampling in Frozen Soil and Icep. 116
9-4. Special Considerationsp. 117
Chapter 10. Underwater Sampling of Soils
10-1. Introductionp. 118
10-2. Underwater Sediment Typesp. 118
10-3. Planning an Underwater Site Investigationp. 119
10-4. Work Platforms for Underwater Samplingp. 119
10-5. Underwater Samplersp. 122
10-6. Special Considerations for Underwater Samplingp. 141
10-7. Sample Handling and Storagep. 143
10-8. Summaryp. 145
Chapter 11. Sampling from Test Pits, Trenches, Accessible Borings, or Tunnels
11-1. Accessible Excavationsp. 146
11-2. Excavationp. 147
11-3. Sampling and Testingp. 149
11-4. Preservation of Samples and Test Recordsp. 152
11-5. General Safety Considerationsp. 153
Chapter 12. Sampling from Stockpiles and Bins, Transportation Units, or Conveyor Belts
12-1. Introductionp. 154
12-2. Sampling Planp. 154
12-3. Sampling Proceduresp. 156
12-4. Required Volume of Samplesp. 158
12-5. Preservation of Samples and Test Recordsp. 158
12-6. Precautionsp. 158
Chapter 13. Handling and Storage of Samples and Sampling Records
13-1. Introductionp. 159
13-2. Handling and Storagep. 159
13-3. Written Recordp. 164
13-4. Precautionsp. 167
Chapter 14. Backfilling Boreholes and Excavations
14-1. General Safety Precautionsp. 168
14-2. Groutingp. 168
14-3. Concretep. 168
Appendix A. References and Bibliography
A-1. Required Publicationsp. 169
A-2. Related Publicationsp. 169
A-3. Bibliographyp. 172
Appendix B. Penetration Resistance Test and Sampling with a Split-Barrel Sampler
B-1. Introductionp. 174
B-2. Equipment and Terminologyp. 174
B-3. Advancing the Boreholep. 178
B-4. Sampling and Testing Procedurep. 179
B-5. Factors that Influence Penetration Datap. 180
B-6. Sampling Records and Preservation of Samplesp. 182
B-7. Interpretation of SPT Blowcount Datap. 184
Appendix C. Penetration Resistance Testing with the Becker Hammer Drill
C-1. Introductionp. 185
C-2. Equipmentp. 185
C-3. Sampling and Testing Proceduresp. 185
C-4. Factors that Affect the Becker Penetration Testp. 186
C-5. Summaryp. 186
Appendix D. Artificial Ground Freezing for Undisturbed Sampling of Cohesionless Soils
D-1. Introductionp. 187
D-2. Historical Developmentp. 187
D-3. In Situ Freezing and Testing Rationalep. 188
D-4. Freeze Plant Systemp. 189
D-5. Undisturbed Sampling Operationsp. 190
D-6. Precautionsp. 190
Appendix E. Visual Identification of Soil Samples
E-1. Field Identification Techniquesp. 192
E-2. Grain Sizep. 192
E-3. Soil Moisture and Colorp. 193
E-4. Mass Structure and Mass Defects of Soil Formationsp. 194
E-5. Description of Soilsp. 194
Indexp. 211