Cover image for Metamaterials : physics and engineering explorations
Metamaterials : physics and engineering explorations
Publication Information:
Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, 2006


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PSZ JB 30000010106473 QC765 M48 2006 Open Access Book
PSZ JB 30000010279515 QC765 M48 2006 Open Access Book Book

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Leading experts explore the exotic properties and excitingapplications of electromagnetic metamaterials

Metamaterials: Physics and Engineering Explorations givesreaders a clearly written, richly illustrated introduction to themost recent research developments in the area of electromagneticmetamaterials. It explores the fundamental physics, the designs,and the engineering aspects, and points to a myriad of excitingpotential applications. The editors, acknowledged leaders in thefield of metamaterials, have invited a group of leading researchersto present both their own findings and the full array ofstate-of-the-art applications for antennas, waveguides, devices,and components.

Following a brief overview of the history of artificialmaterials, the publication divides its coverage into two majorclasses of metamaterials. The first half of the publicationexamines effective media with single (SNG) and double negative(DNG) properties; the second half examines electromagnetic band gap(EBG) structures. The book further divides each of these classesinto their three-dimensional (3D volumetric) and two-dimensional(2D planar or surface) realizations. Examples of each type ofmetamaterial are presented, and their known and anticipatedproperties are reviewed.

Collectively, Metamaterials: Physics and EngineeringExplorations presents a review of recent research advancesassociated with a highly diverse set of electromagneticmetamaterials. Its multifaceted approach offers readers acombination of theoretical, numerical, and experimentalperspectives for a better understanding of their behaviors andtheir potentialapplications in components, devices, and systems.Extensive reference lists provide opportunities to exploreindividual topics and classes of metamaterials in greaterdepth.

With full-color illustrations throughout to clarify concepts andhelp visualize actual results, this book provides a dynamic,user-friendly resource for students, engineers, physicists, andother researchers in the areas of electromagnetic materials,microwaves, millimeter waves, and optics. It equips newcomers witha basic understanding of metamaterials and their potentialapplications. Advanced researchers will benefit fromthought-provoking perspectives that will deepen their knowledge andlead them to new areas of investigation.

Author Notes

NADER ENGHETA , PhD, is the H. Nedwill Ramsey Professor inthe Department of Electricaland Systems Engineering, University ofPennsylvania. A Guggenheim Fellow, a recipient of the IEEE ThirdMillennium Medal and the NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award,a Fellow of the IEEE, and a Fellow of the Optical Society ofAmerica, he is an Associate Editorof IEEE Antennas and WirelessPropagation Letters and was an IEEE Antennas and PropagationSociety Distinguished Lecturer from 1997?1999.

RICHARD W. ZIOLKOWSKI , PhD, is a professor in theDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering with a jointappointment in the College of Optical Sciences, University ofArizona. He was elected by the faculty to be the first Kenneth vonBehren Chaired Professor and has been a recipient of the Tau BetaPi Professor of the Year Award and the IEEE and Eta Kappa NuOutstanding Teaching Award. Professor Ziolkowski is a Fellow of theIEEE and a Fellow of the Optical Society of America. He was the2005 president of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society.

Table of Contents

Part I Double-Negative (dng) Metamaterials
Section I Three-Dimensional Volumetric Dng Metamaterials
Chapter 1 Introduction, History, and Selected Topics in Fundamental Theories of MetamaterialsRichard W. Ziolkowski and Nader Engheta
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Wave Parameters in DNG Media
1.3 FDTD Simulations of DNG Media
1.4 Causality in DNG Media
1.5 Scattering from a DNG Slab
1.6 Backward Waves
1.7 Negative Refraction
1.8 Phase Compensation with a DNG Medium
1.9 Dispersion Compensation in a Transmission Line Using a DNG Medium
1.10 Subwavelength Focusing with a DNG Medium
1.11 Metamaterials with a Zero Index of Refraction
1.12 Summary
Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Waveguide and Antenna Applications Involving dng and sng MetamaterialsNader Engheta and Andrea Alu and Richard W. Ziolkowski and Aycan Erentok
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Subwavelength Cavities and Waveguides
2.3 Subwavelength Cylindrical and Spherical Core-Shell Systems
2.4 ENG-MNG and DPS-DNG Matched Metamaterial Pairs for Resonant Enhancements of Source-Generated Fields
2.5 Efficient, Electrically Small Dipole Antennas: DNG Nested Shells
2.6 Efficient, Electrically Small Dipole Antennas: ENG Nested Shells-Analysis
2.7 Efficient, Electrically Small Dipole Antennas: HFSS Simulations of Dipole-ENG Shell Systems
2.8 Metamaterial Realization of an Artificial Magnetic Conductor for Antenna Applications
2.9 Zero-Index Metamaterials for Antenna Applications
2.10 Summary
Chapter 3 Waveguide Experiments to Characterize Properties of Sng and Dng MetamaterialsSilvio Hrabar
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Basic Types of Bulk Metamaterials with Inclusions
3.3 Theoretical Analysis of Rectangular Waveguide Filled with General Metamaterial
3.4 Investigation of Rectangular Waveguide Filled with 2D Isotropic ENG Metamaterial
3.5 Investigation of Rectangular Waveguide Filled with 2D Isotropic MNG Metamaterial
3.6 Investigation of Rectangular Waveguide Filled with 2D Uniaxial MNG Metamaterial
3.7 Investigation of Rectangular Waveguide Filled with 2D Isotropic DNG Metamaterial
3.8 Investigation of Subwavelength Resonator
3.9 Conclusions
Chapter 4 Refraction Experiments in Waveguide EnvironmentsTomasz M. Grzegorczyk and Jin Au Kong and Ran Lixin
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Microscopic and Macroscopic Views of Metamaterials
4.3 Measurement Techniques
4.4 Conclusion
Section II Two-Dimensional Planar Negative-Index Structures
Chapter 5 Antenna Applications and ubwavelength Focusing Using Negative Refractive Index Transmission Line StructuresGeorge V. Eleftheriades
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Planar Transmission Line Media with Negative Refractive
5.3 Zero-Degree Phase-Shifting Lines and Applications
5.4 Backward Leaky-Wave Antenna Radiating in Its Fundamental Spatial Harmonic
5.5 Superresolving NRI Transmission Line Lens
5.6 Detailed Dispersion of Planar NRI-TL Media
Chapter 6 Resonance Cone AntennasKeith G. Balmain and Andrea A. E. Luttgen
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Planar Metamaterial, Corner-Fed, Anisotropic Grid Antenna
6.3 Resonance Cone Refraction Effects in a Low-Profile Antenna
6.4 Conclusions
Chapter 7 Microwave Coupler and Resonator Applications of nri Planar StructuresChristophe Caloz and Tatsuo Itoh
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Composite Right/Left-Handed Transmission Line Metamaterials
7.3 Metamaterial Couplers
7.4 Metamaterial Resonators
7.5 C